Who is a PIO?

A ‘Person of Indian Origin (PIO)’ is a person resident outside India who is a citizen of any country other than Bangladesh or Pakistan or such other country as may be specified by the Central Government, satisfying the following conditions:

  1. Who was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955); or
  2. Who belonged to a territory that became part of India after the 15th day of August, 1947; or
  3. Who is a child or a grandchild or a great grandchild of a citizen of India or of a person referred to in clause (1) or (2); or
  4. Who is a spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of a person referred to in clause (1) or (2) or (3)

A PIO will include an ‘Overseas Citizen of India’ cardholder within the meaning of Section 7(A) of the Citizenship Act, 1955. Such an OCI Card holder should also be a person resident outside India.